Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary is one of the best known tourist destinations in the Kerala region. It is located in the rain shadow region on the eastern slopes of Western Ghats, next to Tamil Nadu. This area is rich in ethnic cultural heritage and diverse in ecosystem. It is a unique thorn scrub forest with many xerophytic species. It is a giant grizzled squirrel habitat in danger of extinction of India. Unlike other sanctuaries in Kerala, it receives less than two months of rain each year. It is a well-known repository of medicinal plants and is compatible with a healthy population of star turtles, gaur, spotted deer, slender Ioris, wild elephants, leopards, tigers and many other animals, birds and insects.